Some shrubs can push new growth from the base following severe pruning. Alpine currant shrubs are susceptible to aphid infestation. In winter: – prune pip fruits such as apples, but not if they are a trained form such as espalier; do not prune stone fruits, which include cherries, plums and nuts; bush fruits – currants and gooseberries – are winter pruned unless they have been grown as a trained form Prune away any crossing shoots or branches. The Ribes flower early in the Spring - just after Forsythia. Pruning should be quite drastic. Extremely winter hardy, Ribes alpinum (Alpine Currant) is a compact, mound-forming, deciduous shrub with bright green, trilobed leaves in spring. This plant will spread to about 2-3' and may get a little taller. The Green Mound Alpine Currant is a nice, hardy selection that stays dense and rounded. Very low maintenance with no ornamental appeal than its dense green foliage. How we ship container plants. Don't prune for the first year of their life. Get the pruning right at the right time and red currants are hardly ever a problem. The right time to prune a red currant bush is towards the end of winter, ideally during the months of February-March. They can be pruned any time of the year and tolerate even a heavy pruning. Pruning Ribes. Cut the new plants back to about half their height. Cut back the rest of the branches to approximately half of their length, cut at an upward facing bud to encourage growth upwards rather than outwards. November or December are best, although it can be done right up to the end of February, whenever the soil isn’t frozen solid or waterlogged. Prune in winter, creating an open bowl shape that deters sawflies and helps ripen fruit. A sucker is a new stem growing up from the base of the main stem or root ball. However, do this as soon as possible. But at this point, with the photo of the shrub with the dead center, you can see how it recovers. To open the bushes up to light for ripening and airflow for health. Needs to be pruned annually to encourage strong, healthy shoots and improve flowering. Therefore, cut back some of the old wood each year to stimulate fresh growth and remove any dead or diseased stems. I am not sure if alpine currant falls into that category. On these plants, pruning needs to take place before flower buds are set. Other shrubs produce flowers on the former year’s growth, aka “old growth”. Black currant, red currant and white currant bushes all yield copious clusters of berries which are rich in vitamin C as well as having a high pectin content which makes them ideal for jams and jellies. How to care for blackcurrants. Planting is simply digging a hole slightly larger than the root spread, placing the plant in the hole and in-filling with earth. Leaves turns a slight yellow color in fall. Remove branches that are tangled together. "Happily ever after" with a blackcurrant bush should be about 15 years before they should be replaced. Emerging early, the foliage changes to dark green in summer with an attractive gloss on the leaf uppersides, before warming up to yellow in the fall. Opinions differ as to how deep to plant red currant bushes. How to prune gooseberry bushes and currant bushes. The Alpine Currant is a great dwarf, compact, dense shrub, growing around 3-4 feet high. There are a number of cultivars of this currant shrub available. Planting & Care for Deciduous Shrub – Currant. The flowers are greenish-yellow but ornamentally insignificant. Pruning soft fruits at the right time is essential to keeping plants productive. There are inconspicuous yellow flowers in June. Pruning could not be more straightforward with forsythia and flowering currant. Initially the leaders [main stems] can be shortened by up to one third to any outwardly facing bud. Their fruit are so flavorsome and require so little work that I think every garden should include a currant bush. After planting, prune the bush right back. Pick the fruit as and when it ripens. Do not cut below the lowermost branching point. Hedges are easily kept at 3-foot heights. The weather should be rather mild and dry, with no risk of freezing. Some shrubs produce flowers on “new growth” – stems emerge in spring and summer, and flower buds are set and bloom later in the season. Plants shipped with great care! It gets a little fuller when it leafs out in spring. They key thing is to keep the soil moist, especially when the fruits are forming. If you have a large garden, a fruit cage is ideal, alternatively, cover plants in bud with anti-bird mesh. First pruning of flowering currant. Alpine currant shrubs typically grow to heights between two and six feet (half a meter to about two meters) and have thick, abundant foliage. Redcurrants, ... Red and Whitecurrants should always be pruned back to an outward facing bud, as is normal for most plants. Alpine Currant (Ribes alpinum) is the shrub you need when you want a super-hardy, totally dependable, tough-as-nails, doesn't care about the soil or light or air kind of shrub. Pruning Cordon Currants. This type of pruning is carried out over a 2-3 year period making sure to remove only 1/3 of the old growth each year. The versatile shrub prefers moist, well-drained soil but adapts to dry, compacted landscapes and drought. It leafs out early, but retains its foliage all summer long and grows in sun or shade. Preparation. Pruning in April-May. Alpine currant (Ribes alpinum) is a hardy, low mounded shrub commonly used as a hedge.Plants are tolerant of full sun to full shade. Depending on the condition of the plant, various pruning methods can be applied. Whilst the Ribes do not actually need pruning to flower well, if the shrub has been planted in the wrong place and outgrown its position, then you will need to prune the Ribes to a/ get it back into proportion, and b/ regular pruning to ensure that it does not again outgrow its position. This encourages more than one central stem to grow and seems to result in a more healthy bush. Harvesting Blackcurrants: You'll see them darken and taste sweet when they are ripe, use scissors to cut them off. Plant bare-root currants in winter. Pruning red and white currants Initial Pruning – Remove any suckers from the base of the plant. Pruning fruit bushes can seem complicated but is, in fact, very simple. Leave 1.8m (5ft) between currant bushes. Mulch with organic matter in spring and apply a general fertilizer suitable for shrubs. Most other hedges lend themselves to autumn pruning: privet, Alpine currant, boxwood, yews — you name it. This is done by selecting one third of the branches, divided evenly over the bush, and cutting these back to a height of about 50 cm. Red Currants are pruned differently to Black Currants. Prune out wood in the centre – for light and airflow. Flowering currant can live for two to three decades. With minimum effort you’ll have a reliable and abundant crop, and just one or two bushes will provide pounds of juicy fruits for puddings, jellies and sauces. Whether you plant this as a specimen or better yet, as a hedge, Alpine Currant will work for you. Container-grown currants can be planted at just about any time of year. Dig a hole 60x60cm (2x2ft) and 30cm (1ft) deep. Pruning will do this. ‘Aureum’ is an older cultivar that does best in a full sun exposure. Follow our guide to get the most out of your fruit bushes and vines. Watch this expert RHS video on pruning soft fruits including redcurrants, white currants and gooseberries when growing in a restricted space Initial Pruning for Redcurrants. Young growth is susceptible to attack by aphids. Pests and Diseases. Blackcurrant bushes need plenty of watering and feeding – particularly if container grown. How to grow blackcurrants – pruning blackcurrants. Alpine currant's natural upright, oval shape lends itself well to classic hedge forms. Like most flowering shrubs, pruning serves to increase foliage density and enhance flowering year after year. This plant has some cultivated varieties. I would prune the dead branches back to a living bud, if possible. Prune out the short, spindly, dead or damaged wood – as close to the base of the currant as practical. Prune out branches growing low to ground. Left unpruned, alpine currants grow up to 5 feet tall and 7 feet wide, but the shrubs respond well to heavy pruning and shearing. PRUNING BLACKCURRANT BUSHES Pruning of blackcurrant bushes is very simple. The reason for this is you want the energy of the shrub go into the roots and not into the foliage. When to prune shrubs depends on the plant’s flowering habit. How we ship bare root plants . Most of the problems associated with lack of fruit on red currant bushes is owing to the wrong method of pruning. Redcurrants and whitecurrants do not need the hard pruning that is recommended for Blackcurants and a framework of growth is left in place. The blackcurrant is seldom grown as a cordon because the pruning and growing method is different to other currants and gooseberries. Rejuvenation is a method of pruning old shrubs that have become too large. The currants are some of the most easily grown fruit bushes. For both Red and Black. Birds like to eat the developing buds of currant bushes, so protect plants in the winter. In spring, feed with pelleted chicken manure or other high potash fertiliser, and add a thick mulch. As can be imagined, a bush that needs it’s old stems removing regularly to keep it invigorated and encourage a fresh supply of fruiting wood, isn’t really going to be much use as a cordon. The time to prune is when they are dormant, mid-winter to early February is a good time for this garden job. The thing you need to remember is no matter how badly you prune you will not ruin your fruit plant beyond repair and can … If you find pruning fruit bushes difficult you’re certainly not alone. How to prune: A living hedge — versus a financial hedge, which is … Our experience is that that they are best planted 5cm / 2in deeper than they are in the pot. Pruning flowering currant after planting . First cut away all dead, diseased and intersectiong branches. This shrubs is excellent in mass or foundation planting in the landscape. You may want to rejuvenate the bush. After that, it may lose its vigor, even if you prune it diligently. It is easy to maintain the desired size on these small bushes. Flowering currant can be pruned after flowering in April or May. Plants in their prime will produce 8-12lbs / 3.5 - 5.5kg of fruit each year. Winter Pruning in Your Garden – Fruit Trees and Fruit Bushes. Having had more than 20 years of experience with growing alpine currants in Northern Minnesota, I have planted them around this time of the year (late September). Then water the shrubs well this summer and avoid additional stress. Many people are nervous about the process so leave fruit unpruned which will result in progressively lower yields as the plant ages. The diagrams in books may look very straight-forward, but it’s a whole different story when faced with your own, undiagrammatical, pruning challenge. Alpine currant Ribes alpinum) is a dense shrub so make sure to remove its interior bulk to allow light into the center of the shrub. 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